From God’s own country,

Kerala Mural Painting

The traditional Kerala mural paintings are a fine art of skill, creative and innovative excellence.

Kerala is in the southern Ending of the Indian peninsula.

Verdant with copious rain, it’s home to several trees, spice plantations, an incredible quantity of flora, and its renowned

backwaters from the south.

Kerala, known as God’s own country, has quite an exciting history of mural painting.

Believed to have begun in the 7th and 8th centuries majorly affected by Pallava art.

The earliest Kerala style murals were discovered at Thirunandikara’s temple, located at Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, that was likely made around the 9th or 10th century.

The material of these murals is primarily Religious and mythical, depicting legends. Flora and fauna figure From the wall paintings.

Beautiful murals are located around Kerala. Murals Have been created in palaces, Ancient temples, churches along with several additional areas of South India.

Murals have been created at churches in Alappuzha. Also, some depictions out of Kalyana Bhavan or union halls.

About Kerala Mural Painting

Kerala mural paintings are the frescos (painting with water-based paint directly onto wet plaster) depicting Hindu mythology.


The traditional Kerala mural paintings are a fine art of skill, creative and innovative excellence. The majority of mural paintings work of Kerala were performed between the 15th and 19th centuries.


Materials or Things used in the mural painting like brushes, pigments, gum etc. are all made from natural raw materials (minerals and plants extract). The most frequently used pigments(paint) in Kerala murals are saffron-red, saffron-yellow, white, green, yellow, red, blue, black, and golden-yellow.


The characters of the murals are colored according to their characteristics, as illustrated in the Hindu mythological.


Spiritual, heavenly and dharmic characters (satwika) are depicted in shades of green.


Those affected towards power & genuine wealth (rajasic) are painted in colors of red to yellow.


Evil, wicked and mean characters (tamasic) are painted in black or white.


The murals of Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple (now ceded to Tamil Nadu) and Tiruvanchikulam are considered the oldest relics of Kerala’s own style of murals.

The masterpieces of Kerala Mural Painting include:

Shiva Temple in Ettumanoor
The Shiva Temple in Ettumanoor
Ramayana murals of Mattancherry Palace and Vadakkumnatha kshetram
Ramayana murals of Mattancherry Palace and Vadakkumnatha kshetram
Gajendra Moksham
Gajendra Moksham mural painting in the Krishnapuram Palace
Padmanabhaswamy Temple at Thiruvananthapuram
Mural paintings in Padmanabhaswamy Temple at Thiruvananthapuram

Some of the Kerala Mural Painting are found in the churches at Cheppad, Alappuzha, Paliekkara, Thiruvalla, Angamaly and Akapparambu.

People also ask

What is mural painting in art?

A mural is a piece of art painted or implemented directly on a wall, ceiling or alternative permanent surfaces.


A number of their most breathtaking visual depictions out of Hindu Puranas are showcased through conventional Kerala murals. Showcases the splendour and timeless tradition of heroes and their glorious stories through pigments from natural minerals and plants.

Which is the largest mural painting in Kerala?

The most extensive mural panel in Kerala known as the Gajendra Moksha is in the Krishnapuram Palace near Kayamkulam in Alappuzha district.

What is the best paint for indoor and outdoor murals?

Acrylics are a few of the most lasting paints for exterior and interior application. Acrylics are a few of the most lasting and reachable paints for outdoor use, used by most artists for painting murals because of their lightfastness and weather resistance. They also form a superb bond into masonry or cementitious surfaces. 

What is the difference between a painting and a mural?

Painting is a work of art done with using paint(s) while the mural is a big painting, typically drawn on a wall.

Where do we see the famous Ramayana murals in Kerala?

Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple (now ceded to Tamil Nadu) and Tiruvanchikulam are regarded as the earliest relics of Kerala’s very own style of murals.

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